- The Online Reference Guide to World War II German Helmets 1933-1945

    Deutsche Polizei:  Feuerwehr - Fire Protection

The Insignia of the German Police and Fire Brigades

Fire Protection Brigades

Prior to 1938 fire brigade units operated independently in the towns, cities, and states within Germany.  Units were generally part of the municipal services administered by the local government under the direction of the mayor.  Helmets worn by these firemen were often early style leather helmets common in design to many fire protection helmets worn in other European nations. 

On 6 February 1934 the Prussian Interior Ministry introduced an order that approved the production of light weight steel helmets for use by all fire protection personnel.  This followed a period of testing where prototype helmets were examined for durability and protective qualities.  One such prototype utilized a composite core material similar to fiberglass.  This substance was called "Vulkanfiber."  Helmets were generally produced in aluminum or light weight steel often termed "Edelstahl" as a trade name.  Helmets were produced in matte and satin black color with an aluminum protective comb on the top. 

In 1938 fire-fighting organizations throughout Germany were incorporated into the overall police system.  The newly created Fire Protection Police (Feuerschutzpolizei) became a branch of the Order Police (Ordnungspolizei) and members were responsible for all fire-fighting related duties in towns or cities large enough to support a fire-fighting unit.  These units were under the direct authority of the local police system which provided greater authority to the fire-fighting brigades.

Little changed in overall uniform or headgear save for the addition of the cloth police eagle insignia sewn to the various uniforms worn by fire-fighting personnel.  Helmets worn by fire brigade personnel continued to be used without modification following the integration into the Order Police.  The typical helmet utilized a variety of liner systems and chinstraps.  Helmets were normally outfitted with leather tabs that could accommodate a removable black leather neck flap.


Each section of is divided into separate Information Tracks that outline important details, facts, and historical notes pertaining to steel helmets used by the German Armed Forces during World War II.  

Information Tracks are organized by subject matter and their content is directly related to the service arm or organization to which each topic is related.  Topic areas that bridge one subject matter to another are cross linked within each Information Track.

This Information Track provides historical facts pertaining to helmets of the Fire Protection Brigades (Feuerwehren) from 1933-1938.  Individual links related to this subject are outlined below.

     Primary Topics

Helmet Types

Helmet Insignia

Helmet Photos

Period Photos

    Deutsche Polizei




Feuerschutzpolizei (FSP)



Kasernierte Polizei


Landespolizeigruppe General Göring

Luftschutzpolizei (LSP)

Schutzpolizei (Schupo)

Technische Nothilfe (TeNo)

Wasserschutzpolizei  - The Online Reference Guide to World War II German Helmets 1933-1945

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