January 1934 independent police groups
throughout Germany were reorganized into a single police
organization under the direct control of the central
government of the German Reich. The new Order Police (Ordnungspolizei)
encompassed many different police branches.
One such branch was the Barracks Police (Kasernierte
Barracks Police were paramilitary police formations managed by
the urban police forces (Schutzpolizei). Barracks Police
were generally organized by individual company units and were
housed in barracks (kaserne) in towns and cities with
populations greater than 2,000 persons. The Barracks
Police worked cooperatively with the Schutzpolizei in
maintaining order and responding to events that needed rapid,
large scale police intervention.
Barracks Police were
outfitted with a variety of military weapons which often
included machine guns, armored cars, rifles, hand grenades,
and similar weapons. As a paramilitary formation, the
Barracks Police were trained with military fashion in the
areas of field combat tactics as well as urban warfare.
However the real aim behind the Barracks Police was to
reinforce the regular police forces by maintaining armed
police groups in such a way that they often mirrored that of
wartime, the Barracks Police served as a mobile reserve in
which members responded to maintain order following massively
destructive Allied air attacks. Armed with heavy
weapons, the Barracks Police naturally served as an auxiliary
military force. Near the end of the Second World War,
Barracks Police were often mobilized as shock troops that
served to stem the advance of Allied and Soviet attacks within
Greater Germany. As such, Barracks Police often found
themselves involved in front line combat operations during the
last days of the Third Reich.
known regarding the various helmets that were worn by Barracks
Police personnel. It is wisely assumed that the majority
of members wore standard M1934 civic model light weight police
helmets typical of those also worn by standard Schutzpolizei.
However further information is needed in order to clarify this