- The Online Reference Guide to World War II German Helmets 1933-1945

    Wehrmachtsgefolge: Sicherheits und Hilfdienst - Security and Assistance Service

Insignia Used by the Security and Assistance Service

Security and Assistance Service

In 1935 the Security and Assistance Service (Sicherheits und Hilfdienst-SHD) was formed for the purpose of providing fire-fighting, decontamination, first aid, reconstruction assistance, and animal care for major population centers at highest risk for bombing attacks.  The Security and Assistance Service was the forerunner of the future Air Protection Police (Luftschutzpolizei-LSP) that was formed in 1942.  Acting as a mobile workforce, the Security and Assistance Service moved within its designated jurisdictions but its overall leadership fell under police authority.

Prior to the invasion of Poland the organization consisted of volunteers and skilled professionals capable of fulfilling the duties required under these conditions.  Following the outbreak of war in 1939 members were conscripted as reservists who were stationed in their home cities, but who were required to rotate duty and live in temporary barracks as needed.

In 1940 the Royal Air Force lead air raid attacks on Germany that were relatively small in scale compared to those later in the war.  As a result, the tasks assigned to the Security and Assistance Service could be adequately covered.  However by 1942 bombing raids on Germany were increasing both day and night.  Following a number of devastating air attacks, the Security and Assistance Service was pushed to its limit and was unable to cope with overwhelming demands. 

In April 1942 the organization was regrouped and enlarged to encompass similar responsibilities.  In this capacity members served directly under the Order Police (Ordungspolizei) but were renamed the Air Protection Police (Luftschutzpolizei).  Former members of the Security and Assistance Service were incorporated into the new Air Protection Police while mobile units were placed under the direction of the Luftwaffe.  These mobile units were converted to Luftwaffe fire-fighting, rescue, and debris clearing battalions that served in eight specialized regiments.

Members wore "beaded" combat helmets painted dark blue bearing the Air Protection (Luftschutz) winged decal insignia.


Each section of is divided into separate Information Tracks that outline important details, facts, and historical notes pertaining to steel helmets used by the German Armed Forces during World War II.  

Information Tracks are organized by subject matter and their content is directly related to the service arm or organization to which each topic is related.  Topic areas that bridge one subject matter to another are cross linked within each Information Track.

This Information Track provides historical facts pertaining to helmets of the Security and Assistance Service from 1935-1942.  Individual links related to this subject are outlined below.

    Primary Topics

Helmet Types

Helmet Insignia

    Related Topics

Deutsche Polizei

    Auxiliary Organizations

Deutsches Rote Kreuz (DRK)

Hitler Jungend (HJ)

Luftschutzwarndienst (LSW)

NS Kraftfahr Korps (NSKK)

Organization Todt (OT)

Reichsarbeitsdients (RAD)

Reichsluftschutzbund (RLB)

Sicherheits-Hilfdienst (SHD)

Volksstrum-Sauerland  - The Online Reference Guide to World War II German Helmets 1933-1945

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